Due to concerns about the safety of a longer shipping route to Brittany itself, the army was ferried instead to the English continental stronghold of Calais in July 1380. Due to concerns about the safety of a longer shipping route to Brittany itself, the army was ferried instead to the English continental stronghold of Calais in July 1380. Richard decided to act first and on 11 of July 1397, Gloucester was arrested at Pleshey castle in Essex. Updates? In 1385 he received the title Duke of Aumale and at about the same time was created Duke of Gloucester. He returned to Brittany in 1379, with the support of the Breton barons who feared the annexation of Brittany by France. An English army was sent under Woodstock to support his position. He returned in 1379, supported by Breton barons who feared the annexation of Brittany by France. Gloucester was involved in the dismissal and impeachment of Suffolk and sat as a member of the commission appointed in 1386 to reform the government and the royal household. He was the fifth of the five sons of Edward III who survived to adulthood. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. 4. Early life. He married Eleanor de Bohun (c1366-1399) 1376 JL . Thomas of Woodstock's eldest daughter, Anne, married into the powerful Stafford family, who were Earls of Stafford. Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, (born Jan. 7, 1355, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, Eng.—died probably September 1397), powerful opponent of King Richard II of England (ruled 1377–99).

Eleanor de Bohun's younger sister and co-heiress, Mary de Bohun, married Thomas' nephew, Henry of Bolingbroke, who later took the throne as King Henry IV. May have been killed by his nephew, Richard II. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

Thomas de Woodstock (Woodstock, 7 de enero de 1355 - Calais, 8 de septiembre de 1397) fue el menor de los hijos de Eduardo III de Inglaterra y su esposa Felipa de Henao. In 1389 Richard gained the upper hand and worked out a compromise with his enemies. Facebook gives people the power … The seventh son of King Edward III (ruled 1327–77), he was created Duke of Gloucester in 1385 and soon became the leader of a party opposed to Richard II, his young nephew. [3] He married Eleanor de Bohun in 1374,[4] was given Pleshey Castle in Essex, and was appointed Constable of the Realm. For the play, see, Duke of Gloucester, Duke of Aumale, Earl of Buckingham and Earl of Essex, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family, "Thomas [Thomas of Woodstock], duke of Gloucester", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_of_Woodstock,_1st_Duke_of_Gloucester&oldid=983564433, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Joan (1384–1400), who married Gilbert Talbot, 5th Lord Talbot (1383–1419) and died in childbirth, Isabel (12 March 1385/1386 – April 1402), a nun of the Order of Minoresses, Thomas of Woodstock's murder plays a prominent part in, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 23:28. The French, having learnt from the experience of Crécy and Poitiers, avoided battle with the English and the two opposing armies eventually marched away. He was the fifth of … The seventh son of King Edward III (ruled 1327–77), he was created Duke of Gloucester in 1385 and soon became the leader of a party opposed to Richard II, his young nephew. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A.

Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Buckingham, 1st Earl of Essex, Duke of Aumale, KG (7 January 1355 – 8 or 9 September 1397) was the thirteenth and youngest child of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. Thomas of Woodstock was born on month day 1355, at birth place, to Edward III of Windsor and Phillippa of Windsor (born de Hainault,). ", http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Woodstock,_1st_Duke_of_Gloucester, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=65413577, http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1087, http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1225&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous (which gives another burial place), http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/thomaswoodstock.htm. [9] However, he found himself unable to form an effective stranglehold, and urgent plans were put in place for Sir Thomas Felton to bring 2,000 reinforcements from England.

An inquiry into his death was held in the first year of the reign of his nephew Henry IV (1399). Half brother of John de Southeray; Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Lytlington Westminster; John Baldac and Isabella Plantagenet, "Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Buckingham, 1st Earl of Essex, Duke of Aumale, KG (7 January 1355 – 8 or 9 September 1397) was the thirteenth and youngest child of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. At the head of an English army, John was victorious, but the French had continued to undermine his position, and he was later forced in to exile in England.

This was probably one of the Buckingham's motives in supporting Richard's accession. 722 Stonecroft Lane Woodstock, GA 30188. Copyright © 2004 - 2018 www.englishmonarchs.co.uk All rights reserved ®.

3730 Roswell Road Suite 25 Marietta, GA 30062. Husband of Lady Eleanor de Bohun

[5] On 22 June 1380 he became Earl of Essex in right of his wife. "Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Buckingham, 1st Earl of Essex, Duke of Aumale, KG (7 January 1355 – 8 or 9 September 1397) was the thirteenth and youngest child of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. (3) Joan (1384 - 16 August 1400) married Gilbert Talbot, 5th Lord Talbot (1383-1419).

[11] Thomas of Woodstock and his wife Eleanor had: As he was attainted as a traitor, his dukedom of Gloucester was forfeit. [8], As Woodstock marched his 5,200 men east of Paris, they were confronted by the army of Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, at Troyes, but the French had learned from the Battle of Crécy in 1346 and the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 not to offer a pitched battle to the English. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 388. Thomas of Woodstock was the leader of the Lords Appellant, a group of powerful nobles whose ambition to wrest power from Thomas's nephew, King Richard II of England, culminated in a successful rebellion in 1388 that significantly weakened the king's power.

At the age of twenty one, Thomas was married in 1376 to the heiress Eleanor de Bohun, eldest daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford and Joan Fitzalan and acquired the title Earl of Essex and the office of Constable of England from his father-in-law.

Thomas was buried in Westminster Abbey, first in the Chapel of Saint Edmund and Saint Thomas in October 1397, and two years later reburied in the Chapel of Saint Edward the Confessor. Eventually, the two armies simply marched away. Thomas De Woodstock is on Facebook. This caused an outcry among the nobility of England that is considered by many to have added to Richard's unpopularity. For the play, see, Duke of Gloucester, Duke of Aumale, Earl of Buckingham and Earl of Essex, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family, "Thomas [Thomas of Woodstock], duke of Gloucester", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_of_Woodstock,_1st_Duke_of_Gloucester&oldid=983564433, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Joan (1384–1400), who married Gilbert Talbot, 5th Lord Talbot (1383–1419) and died in childbirth, Isabel (12 March 1385/1386 – April 1402), a nun of the Order of Minoresses, Thomas of Woodstock's murder plays a prominent part in, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 23:28. In 1377, at the age of 22, Woodstock was knighted[3] and created Earl of Buckingham.



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